While many urinary tract infections pass on their own, there is no guarantee they will do so. It is a wise idea to get medical help whenever you identify the symptoms of a UTI.
Most UTIs begin when bacteria infiltrates the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply in the bladder. Antibiotic medication can help the body fend off the infection.
With an appropriate course of treatment, most urinary tract infections will be completely resolved in a matter of a few weeks. That said, it is possible for UTIs to become chronic and occur frequently.
In most cases, it is not necessary to make significant lifestyle changes to prevent UTI from recurring in the future. If you experience multiple persistent UTIs, your doctor will advise you on potential changes. Sexual activity increases the risk of UTIs, as does starting sexual activity with a new partner.
Because they have a shorter urethra than men, women are at greater risk of UTIs. Sometimes, hormonal conditions may also influence urinary tract infection risk. Women who use spermicidal agents or diaphragms for birth control are at higher risk than those who do not. Other birth control options do not UTI affect risk.
As women enter menopause, they also become more vulnerable to UTI infection. This is because changes in the urinary tract are brought on by a reduced level of circulating estrogen. Women concerned about the overall health effects of menopause can consult a physician to learn if hormone replacement therapy is right for them.