Osteoarthritis occurs when the body can’t repair the normal wear-and-tear on the joints. This can happen because the repair process becomes faulty, or because of excessive wear on the joints. Bones can also be misaligned due to congenital conditions, excessive weight, and injuries.
When joints are affected by osteoarthritis, there is excessive cartilage degradation; substances released from the breakdown of cartilage can also induce a mild inflammatory response which affects the joint and its surrounding structures.
There are several risk factors which can increase the risk of osteoarthritis. Some of these factors include: